The Bible says that “all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights.” -Genesis 7:11-12 (ASV). So according to the Bible, it came from two places: From underneath the oceans and raining down from the sky for 40 days and 40 nights.
And if it came from underneath the oceans, was that in the form of water, or was it in the form of steam as volcanic eruptions took place along the earth’s crust sending huge plums of steam into the atmosphere where it cooled and then fell back to earth as rain?
It would be quite the cataclysm would it not?
In fact, although God, by definition of being God, could certainly create water and then remove water in some supernatural way, truth is you don’t need a miracle to flood the entire planet. You just need one huge cataclysm.
That’s the difference typically in the point of view of someone who looks at the world from a Biblical world view, and someone who looks at it from an evolutionary world view. The Biblical world view says the evidence we see today was put there through sudden and powerful forces. In the case of a flood, the scientific models associated with it include catastrophic volcanic eruptions, immense tidal waves, movement of the ocean floor, and in some theories, even large-scale meteor strikes. It’s not really far-fetched. Cataclysmic events that fall more in line with the Bible are often found.
Like this one. Evidence of huge flooding… no kidding.
In general, an evolutionary world view tends to assume “uniformitarianism,” which means whatever is happening today, is how it has always happened. Instead of sudden and catastrophic events, the evidence we see today was put there through slow, and gradual processes. So for instance, if the plates of the earth crust move only fractions of an inch each year, then it must have taken millions of years for those plates to move as far as they have. Or if a stalactite in a cave is currently getting longer and bigger by only a small fraction each year, then it must have taken millions of years to get as big as it has.
The assumptions are different, and so the evidence takes different people in different directions. But coming from a Biblical world-view, where did that pesky water come from?
The Bible doesn’t tell us, in fact, it gives only a few details. Details which indicate that the water came from below and above, the water prevailed on the earth for a certain number of days, and covered the tallest mountains. The Bible indicates this was world-wide in nature and that the water receded over many months. Genesis 7-8.
The scientific models based on the idea of a global flood however, do have some theories about the water. They say the water from the flood is right there in the oceans, and even on the polar ice caps. Although we have often pictured the idea of a few clouds forming and rain falling for 40 days and covering the earth, the fact is the Bible, and every scientific theory about it, would say there was a lot more involved than simply rain. It was a catastrophe. A cataclysm, as they say, of Biblical proportions. Tidal waves, volcanic eruptions, and more.
Here are a few links if you’re interested in checking out some of the theories. Like everything in geology, remember they are works in progress.